Can the deposit model solve the recycling problem

  • Detail

Can the deposit model solve the recycling problem of increasing plastic hazards?

according to the global packaging trend report of Euromonitor information consulting company, the world sold more than 480billion plastic beverage bottles in 2016, up from 300billion a decade ago, and will increase to 583.3 billion by 2021. So many plastic bottles are produced and used. Where will they eventually flow after completing the mission

since plastic takes hundreds of years to degrade, those discarded plastic bottles still exist in nature. How to solve the pain point of beverage packaging recycling is a topic that the industry must face at present. Cnsphoto provides

because plastic takes hundreds of years to degrade, those discarded plastic bottles still exist in nature and eventually become plastic garbage that accumulates in oceans, rivers and lakes. How to solve the pain point of beverage packaging recycling is still a topic that the industry must face at present

Plastic hazards that cannot be ignored

toxins produced by plastic waste will complete biological accumulation through the food chain, and human beings will be affected by these toxins after eating these seafood

at the just concluded World Cup in Russia, a Beijing company undertook the recycling of beverage bottles during the event. The company's 50 intelligent recycling machines for beverage bottles were unveiled in 12 competition venues and were highly sought after by fans. During the world cup, more than 1 million plastic bottles were safely recycled

in China, the recycling of plastic bottles is "difficult". In daily life, the vast majority of people can throw the beverage bottle into the garbage can after drinking the beverage - suitable for parts that need wear resistance such as stone chips - maybe people think this is enough environmental protection. But in fact, many plastic bottles have been picked up by "stragglers" engaged in waste recycling and entered informal recycling channels. Because small-scale recycling plants do not have corresponding pollution emission control equipment, recycling plastic is easy to cause environmental pollution and bring food safety risks

according to the data of the United Nations Environment Programme, about 1million plastic bottles are sold worldwide every minute, and the global use of plastic bags is as high as 5trillion every year. 50% of the plastic products we use are disposable, nearly 1/3 of the plastic packaging is not recycled, and 13million tons of plastic waste flows into the sea every year. At the same time, toxins produced by plastic waste will complete biological accumulation through the food chain, and humans will be affected by these toxins after eating these seafood. Among the marine plastic garbage, the beverage bottle ranks first and the bottle cap ranks third

in recent years, some recycling enterprises have begun to enter stations, shopping malls and communities, trying to get more beverage bottles back on the right path by setting up intelligent recycling machines - after safe recycling, beverage bottles are generated through professional processing plants, directly reducing the consumption of oil resources, or turning into wisps of fiber. However, the investigation found that this intelligent and professional beverage bottle recycling method did not achieve the desired effect

"deposit mode" or a good attempt

during the pilot period, the safe recovery rate of beverage bottles reached more than 70%

China business daily came to Cuiwei department store located at Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, and found an intelligent recycling machine for beverage bottles here. Its size and appearance are almost the same as ordinary vending machines. The schematic diagram marked on the recycling machine indicates the use method in detail. According to the schematic diagram, the basic information is registered first, and then the recycling of a coke bottle is completed in only a few seconds. Through the information left during the registration, the "rebate" is also obtained. The money can be withdrawn at any time or consumed in other ways

such an intelligent plastic bottle recycling machine should not lack "business" when placed in shopping malls where people come and go. However, after waiting nearby for nearly half an hour, few people "patronized"

then, we came to Donghuan square, located in Dongzhong street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, where there is also an intelligent beverage bottle recycling machine. The situation here is slightly better than that in Haidian District before. Within 15 minutes, two people came with bottles. The operators of these two intelligent beverage bottle recycling machines are Beijing Yingchuang renewable resources Recycling Co., Ltd. the above-mentioned appearance at the world cup venues is Yingchuang's intelligent beverage bottle recycling machine

liuxuesong, executive deputy general manager of Beijing Yingchuang renewable resources recycling company, told that Yingchuang had put nearly 5000 intelligent beverage bottle recycling machines in Beijing, covering shopping malls, schools, subway stations and bus stations in urban areas and some suburbs. At present, about 2million beverage bottles can be recycled every week for professional treatment, but combined with the huge production of beverage bottles in Beijing and surrounding areas, the company's production capacity is still surplus, which belongs to the state of "not enough to eat"

"the current situation is that enterprises specializing in recycling have more than enough capacity, while on the other side, there are still a large number of renewable plastic bottles flowing into 'small workshops', which cause huge pollution to soil and water sources after cleaning beverage bottles with industrial strong alkali solvents." Insiders told China business daily

the way to solve the problem of "insufficient food" - promoting the deposit model or a good choice

in 2016, Yingchuang and Beijing Wumart supermarket established an intelligent convenient and safe recycling demonstration station, and the "water test" beverage bottle deposit system. "The beverage bottles we sell in supermarkets are labeled with the virtual deposit system logo. After consumers buy and drink drinks, they can get a 'deposit' by putting the empty bottles into the automatic recycling machine in the recycling demonstration station. The recycling price of the beverage bottles with the virtual deposit system logo is 0.2 yuan, higher than the recycling price of ordinary beverage bottles. During the pilot period, more than 300000 beverage bottles with the deposit logo were recycled, and the safe recycling rate of the beverage bottles reached 7." 0% or more. " Liu Xuesong said

how to operate the deposit mode

the deposit system is jointly established by retailers and the beverage industry, and is managed and operated in a non-profit mode

the process of the deposit system starts from the beverage dealer. The beverage products are sold to the retail store, and the retail store pays the full deposit of the beverage bottle in addition to the price of the beverage products to the beverage manufacturer

instead of retaining the deposit, beverage manufacturers should transfer the deposit to the deposit system operator. The deposit system operator is an independent non-profit third-party organization, usually composed of retail industry and relevant practitioners, to be responsible for the unified management of the deposit system

for example, when consumers buy drinks, the price of drinks also includes a refundable deposit of 1 yuan. Of course, the consumer knows very well that he has paid the deposit for the beverage bottle, because there is an obvious deposit mark on the beverage package. As a negative environmental citizen, consumers should return empty bottles to stores or any other recycling stores after drinking. The deposit of 1 yuan will be returned to consumers in full. The system operator will arrange to collect and transport the returned empty bottles from retailers, count, classify and compress them, and sell them to professional recycling plants as recyclable materials for processing

at this time, the 1 yuan deposit initially paid by the retail store to the beverage manufacturer and then transferred by the beverage manufacturer to the operation system provider will be returned to the retailer after the operator recycles and counts the empty bottles. In addition to the 1 yuan deposit returned, the system operator will also pay some handling charges to the retailer as a reward for the retailer to provide consumers with convenient and fast recycling points. The recovered empty bottles are collectively transported to the sorting center of the system operator for counting, classification and compression packaging according to different colors and quality. After packaging, it is sold to a professional recycling factory for recycling processing. After the bottle label and bottle cap are recycled and separated, the empty bottle will be crushed and cleaned to produce recycled materials that meet safety and environmental protection standards. After recycling and mixing with raw materials, new bottle embryos can be produced. The new bottle embryos are heated and shaped into new beverage bottles in the beverage factory, and then sold after being canned. In this way, the recycling process of beverage bottles is completed

then, who should bear the cost of this cycle

"it may be a little unexpected. In fact, this' procedure 'does not require government capital investment. The deposit system is jointly established by retailers and the beverage industry. It is managed and operated in a non-profit mode. It raises funds by itself in three ways: the deposit of some empty bottles that have not been returned, the income from the sale of renewable materials, and the small management fee paid by beverage manufacturers for the operation of the deposit system." Liu Xuesong told that the goal of the deposit system is to operate at the lowest possible cost

then, the problem is how the system operator can grasp the situation that the deposit has not been returned. In order to improve the market implementation of waterborne polyurethane shoe glue, does it need to know the situation of sold goods before mastering the situation of returning empty bottles? "The answer is very simple. It's the bar code on the bottle. The bar code records a lot of information about the product, such as the brand, the size and capacity of the bottle, as well as the product content and the value of the deposit." Liu Xuesong said


more and more countries and regions have begun to implement the deposit system

at present, 50 countries and regions in the world have implemented the deposit system, including Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Estonia, the Netherlands, Lithuania, etc.. The average recycling of the transformation of the coal-fired furnace of the plastic granulator system has become an important issue to be solved urgently, with a rate of 85% and a public support rate of 79.68%

Germany has implemented a deposit system since 2003. Many beverage bottles have a label of 0.25 euros, which means that when consumers finish drinking and return to shopping malls or recycling points with empty bottles, they can return a deposit of 0.25 euros. The data shows that the recovery rate of cans in Germany has reached 96% and that of beverage bottles has reached 98.5%. This achievement is directly related to the "deposit system" required by German law for disposable beverage packaging

in 2006, New South Wales, Sydney, Australia began to implement the deposit system. The recyclables that entered the deposit system within six months accounted for 70% of all recyclables, and the annual recovery of single pet category exceeded 12000 tons

in March this year, Britain officially announced that it would implement a deposit recovery system (including plastic packaging, glass bottles and metal disposable packaging)

at present, Queensland, Australia is carrying out bidding for the deposit system, and Spain, Singapore and other countries are also about to promote the deposit system

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI