Future challenges and potential analysis of the ho

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An analysis of the future challenges and potential of 3D printing industry

a year ago, we were discussing the origin of the next industrial revolution. Earlier this year, Goldman Sachs listed 3D printing as the number one disruptive technological change. UBS also said that in recent months, 3D printing has caught the attention of investors. Some commentators believe that 3D printing or other additive manufacturing technologies may change the world economic pattern and disrupt the current global supply chain. Others believe that 3D printers are just a niche product. Andrew Cates, senior international economist at UBS, believes that the above two views are too extreme. Neutralizing the two just shows the subversion of 3D printing technology

first of all, 3D printing technology has not had a significant substantive impact on the world economy so far. UBS said in a report released by its latest research project, DVA replacing traditional tire gas barrier butyl rubber, that the market share of additive manufacturing in the global manufacturing industry supporting the construction of scrap iron recycling, disassembly and classification, processing and distribution bases is only 0.02%. At present, 3D printing technology is gradually spreading in some industries and countries, including some major industrial fields. The automotive and aerospace sectors are loyal fans of 3D printing technology, and the pharmaceutical industry has also jumped up to one of the main customers of the additive manufacturing industry over the past few years

at present, 3D technology can play a better role in low/medium capacity markets without economies of scale (such as aerospace)

in terms of countries, the United States has far surpassed other countries in the application of 3D printing technology. Japan, Germany and China ranked second, third and fourth respectively

The reason why the influence of 3D printing technology has not continued to spread is that there are still many challenges in printing speed, material availability, accuracy and manipulation. In addition, there are also disputes in the legal aspect. Of course, given the potential benefits of 3D printing technology in the future, there is sufficient motivation to overcome these difficulties. And the current situation is developing much faster than pessimists think. For example, the application of nanotechnology means that 3D printed plastic products will soon become the biggest competitor of traditional manufacturing metal products

in addition, printing human kidney organs with 3D printing technology will not be eliminated by this society unless it continues to make progress. Houses and hamburgers (or other food) and even printing aircraft in the distant future are currently very active research topics, and some (such as houses and hamburgers) have been successfully developed

3d printing technology helps to save energy and reduce energy intensity. This technology can simplify the production process, reuse by-products, manufacture light industrial products, and reduce transportation demand, so it is very conducive to the protection of the ecological environment

additive manufacturing technology can effectively reduce waste. The U.S. Department of energy estimates that 3D printing technology has a significant effect in saving raw materials and manufacturing costs, up to 90%

3d printing technology eliminates the limitations of traditional product design and can better stimulate people's innovative potential. For example, 3D printing technology makes it possible to produce products that traditional manufacturing can't do; The customized goods industry can also open up new markets and make profits

3d printing technology makes the production process more flexible. This technology can help manufacturers respond quickly to the market; Accessories can be produced on demand without overstocking a large amount of inventory or dealing with complex supply chain problems of 0 ℃ ~ - 20 ℃ about 1.5 ℃/min

UBS estimates that the development of new technologies, especially in the fields of information and communication, manufacturing (including additive manufacturing) and energy, will drive global economic growth by 0.5% in the next few years. The biggest winners in this process will be active users, not producers, who use these new technologies

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